Jim Maloney is the District War Chief for the Shubenacadie District and a leader of the Sipekne’katik First Nation-led movement in opposition to the Alton Gas caverns project. Traditionally, Mi'kmaq territory was and is split into districts which run as far west as the Gaspé peninsula and south into Maine.
“The whole idea of giving and sharing and gifting has been practised by my people for generations and generations,” he said. “We've been here for 12,000 years” -- and suffering from environmental racism for at least four hundred years of colonial history.
Environmental racism refers to socially marginalized minority communities which are subjected to disproportionate exposure of environmental hazards, the denial of access to sources of ecological sustenance (such as clean air, water, and natural resources), or both.
Maloney apologized for having no handouts for those who gathered in the Weldon Law building to hear the panel on March 7: “But if you could see inside my brain, you'd see I was the product of environmental racism (for 71 years),” he says. “I have a reputation for being a professional pallbearer.”
Twenty-six of the 28 kids he went to school with are now dead, he explained. Based on the disparity between the life expectancy of an indigenous person compared with a settler, “we're being cheated out of 25 years,” he says.
Maloney has worked in 235 First Nations communities in Canada and the US and has served as police chief for five. He was appointed the chief investigator on the Donald Marshall inquiry into the wrongful conviction of a Mi'kmaq man in the case of the murder of a black teenager.
“Federal and Nova Scotia courts use our resource money to fight us in court, then tell us it is illegal for us to have legal representation,” he adds. From 1927 to 1985 it was “open season on our people” -- they couldn't log, fish, or otherwise use their own land. In a similar stride, the government spent $400,000 per day on RCMP support for Irving Oil during the 2013 protests against fracking in New Brunswick but Maloney stresses that the people won in the end.
Maloney grew up with his father in a tar paper shack with a dirt floor. There was no dentist: “a doctor would put me in a headlock and rip my tooth out,” he recalls. He ate salt pork, molasses and grease and went to bed hungry at night, and went to school month after month in this fashion.
“I know how racism feels, how it smells and tastes,” he says in reference to the poverty of his youth.
But his people are victorious: “We've won over 98 per cent of Superior Court cases.” But things are getting worse in some respects: there are now more indigenous people in jails and more RCMP on reserves, with the added insult of “our own people arresting our own people,” he says.
Maloney maps out the inequality as follows: indigenous people have 28,000 square kilometers of reserve land in Canada; farmers have twice the amount – and companies like Irving own hundreds of thousands of acres.
What with Trump-era talk of walls and the expansion of oil power like Exxon Mobil in the U.S., Maloney urgently asked those gathered: “I want you to take down that wall.” In other words, his struggle is synonymous with First people's and poor people's struggles around the world.
Stuart Gilby is a lawyer who has worked exclusively on indigenous rights cases in Canada since he attended law school at the age of 42. He has written the literal book on environmental racism, and gave some examples during the panel: There is a high rate of cancer at Eel Ground First Nation, where not only old people but young people are dying. Water looks like gasoline at one point in the Miramichi River where the community is located, though it's healing itself now and there are more fish.
Acadie First Nation in Yarmouth has had a junkyard serving as a dumping ground for abandoned car parts in their community since the 1960s.
Forestry is destroying indigenous culture and land.
“The department of the Environment is generally a joke!” he quips. “Lawyers have enabled this to happen for decades: lawyers who work for the government and industry.”
“Sometimes I feel ashamed to be a Canadian,” he finished. “Sooner or later, even Donald Trump is gonna have to realize climate change is not a myth.”
(Stuart Gilby is also the legal representative for the AFNCNB, the Indian Act chiefs in New Brunswick who have presided over and signed off on many environmentally destructive projects, including fracking and Energy East –editor's note.)
Associate Professor of Nursing and panel organizer Ingrid Waldon referred to a Lincolnville resident to pinpoint environmental racism in Nova Scotia as the practise of locating “industrial waste sites next to African Nova Scotian, Native and poor, white communities.”
She added that Robert D. Ballard, so-called father of environmentalism, says the discrimination is deeply rooted in the history of excluding African American and indigenous people from jobs, particularly in the green sector, or in decision-making processes.
She said there was a strategic aversion when it came to speaking candidly about race, when compared to other factors such as class and income.
Most people know about the sad history of Africville, where African Nova Scotians were literally pushed to the margins and denied basic city services in the 1960s. Lincolnville first put up with one, then another landfill. North Preston and East Preston share a waste dump one kilometre away from both. Shelburne is known as the “Community of Widows” because of the anecdotal evidence of cancer – so much so that there are disproportionately fewer men in the area.
People believe their are links between illness and proximity to the polluting industries. Some say they cause learning disabilities and conditions such as autism. People in Lincolnville are afraid of drinking the water and this causes psychological stress.
Environmental racism is quite gendered: exposure to toxic chemicals during pregnancy pose risks postnatally. One such example is “Cancer Alley” in Sarnia where there has been a noted disparity between male and female births. In the 1980s, indigenous women were leaders in the reproductive justice rights movement to recognize such dangers to their health and children.
Other solutions include the campaign for legislation such as Bill 111 (An Act to Address Environmental Racism), youth-driven art projects, and government and student involvement.
Most of all, it takes people speaking up and sharing their own experiences, and their hopes for a brighter future.
After the presentation, Sa'n Herney, gleefully quipped: “What is a treaty? I never signed a treaty, I didn't have my tree-dee glasses on...” He did, however, have his metaphorical water goggles because he wanted to be able “to see a fish come right up to me and kiss me on the lips.”
Learn more about environmental racism through the ENRICH project: http://www.enrichproject.org/
This episode of GW was produced on Sinixt traditional territory at Kootenay Co-op Radio in Nelson, BC.
Tanker truck spill case update from the Nelson courthouse | Rachel Mackenzie, CHLY
Demonstrators respond to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s recent visit to Victoria BC | Chris Cook, CFUV
Local objections to a proposed expansion by Port Metro Vancouver | Catherine Fisher, CHLY, with files from Gunargie O’Sullivan, CFRO
Community Radio Report:
A report on the kickoff “Future of First Nations, Inuit and Métis Broadcasting” gathering, held this February in Winnipeg Manitoba | Gretchen King, CKUT
Our music in this episode is from Colin Stetson and Sarah Neufeld’s Constellation Records album: “Never Were the Way She Was”
Thanks to all our contributors for this week’s episode. We also thank Catherine Fisher, Braden Alexander, Omme Salma-Rahemtullah, and Gretchen King.
Pitch to GroundWire!
Take part in the next episode of GroundWire! The deadline for pitches is Saturday, March 18, and final pieces are due Thursday, March 23. Check out our priority bureaus and our format here. Don't worry if your piece, or raw audio, doesn't fit our GW requirements, we can edit it!
Tune in again on March 27 for the next episode of GroundWire produced by CKUW in WInnipeg (MB)!
GroundWire Coordination TeamWEBSITE - www.groundwirenews.ca PODCAST - http://groundwire.gwradio.koumbit.org/feed/
EMAIL - firstname.lastname@example.org
This episode of GroundWire was produced on Haudenosaunee and Anishinabe traditional territory in Kingston by CFRC.
Have a Heart Day - a child and youth-led reconciliation event | Doug Farquhar, CFRC
Food service workers strike at the University of Toronto’s satellite campus in Scarborough | Omme-Salma Rahemtullah, GW
City of Montreal votes to become a Sanctuary City | Marie Crabie, CKUT
Chronicle Herald workers in Halifax commemorate the one year anniversary of their strike | Francella Fiallos, CKDU
Indigenous writing and literacy with Queen’s University aboriginal scholar Geraldine King | Doug Chimtig, CFRCCommunity Radio Report:
A report on the commercialization of Radio Centre-ville, Canada's oldest multilingual community radio station | Gretchen King, CKUT
Thanks to all our contributors for this week’s episode. We also thank Tash Carroll, Djenaba Dayle and Courtney Harrop.
Pitch to GroundWire!
Take part in the next episode of GroundWire! The deadline for pitches is Saturday March 4, and final pieces is Thursday March 9. Check out our priority bureaus and our format here. Don't worry if your piece, or raw audio, doesn't fit our GW requirements, we can edit it!
Tune in again on March 13 for the next episode of GroundWire produced by CHLY in Nanaimo (BC)!
GroundWire Coordination TeamWEBSITE - www.groundwirenews.ca PODCAST - http://groundwire.gwradio.koumbit.org/feed/
EMAIL - email@example.com
On this week's episode of Talking Radical Radio, Scott Neigh speaks with Kyturea Jones, Payton Ashe, and Donntayia Jones. They are members of the North End Community Action Committee, a Black youth-led community group in Halifax's North End that came together around concerns about the gentrification of their neighbourhood and that has become involved in a wide range of issues focused on empowering both Black youth and the communities they live in.
Not a lot of people outside of Nova Scotia know the story of Africville, but they should. Africville was a historic African-Nova Scotian community in Halifax, on the Bedford Basin. It was a poor yet resilient place, dense with ties of kinship and community. Its residents, for the most part, owned their homes, paid their taxes, and went about their lives. But over the course of the first half of the 20th century, those in charge of urban planning in Halifax sited increasing numbers of noxious land uses -- things like a dump and various industrial uses -- right next to Africville, with no consideration for the input or well-being of residents. Then in the late 1960s, these same powers-that-be decided that Africville was no longer a healthy place to live, and they evicted the entire community -- and in that process, thereby made the land available for other uses, by other people.
This episode of Talking Radical Radio is not about Africville. Rather, it is about Halifax's North End -- a neighbourhood in which quite a few of those evicted from Africville ended up living. As long ago as 2008, a visiting scholar specializing in urban issues warned that what had happened to Africville could well happen to Uniacke Square, a major public housing complex in the neighbourhood, and to the North End community more broadly. Jim Silver was quoted as saying, "So far as I know, there's not a plan afoot ... But there are broad social forces at work that will bring about the same end."
Move forward to just the last couple of years: A few Black youth from the North End were in a meeting with the local regional councillor. From her, they learned that in fact there was a plan -- or, if not quite yet a finished plan, at least a process that was well underway to develop a plan that would lay out an approach to development and re-development in a section of the city that includes the North End. For the most part, residents had no idea this was happening.
This was in the context of these youth already seeing signs of gentrification in their neighbourhood. Gentrification is a process in which urban space is re-made in ways that threaten to push out existing residents so that other people can make money -- a sort of creeping 21st-century version of the same logic that destroyed Africville. So far, the most visible signs in the North End have been the opening of new businesses. The youth stress that they have no objection to new businesses in principle. The problem is, in contrast to the older, established businesses in the North End, many of the new ones are clearly not intended to cater to existing residents, particularly those with lower incomes. In fact, many seem to be run by people who don't know the community, who don't seem to want to know the community, and who often regard community residents -- particularly Black residents -- with suspicion and unwelcome.
Given all of this, these youth knew that it was important to make sure that community voices got heard as the city developed what it was calling the "Centre Plan," so they formed the North End Community Action Committee -- "a community based, youth-led initiative with goals aimed towards assuring the voices and concerns of Black youth, marginalized communities, and North-End residents get addressed. With the overall objective of empowering black youth to better the communities they live in."
In the last year, the group has mobilized residents to get their voices heard in the planning process, in the hopes of heading off the dangers of gentrification (with all of its echoes of Africville). They've also contributed to community improvement efforts, like a street painting project. They've begun to get involved in work to make the city's schools more responsive to the needs of Black youth. And they are in the process of setting up their own mentorship program.
Jones, Ashe, and Jones speak with me about Halifax's North End and about the work of the North End Community Action Committee. To learn more about the North End Community Action Committee, check out the group's website, or find it on Facebook or Twitter.
Talking Radical Radio brings you grassroots voices from across Canada. We give you the chance to hear many different people that are facing many different struggles talk about what they do, why they do it, and how they do it, in the belief that such listening is a crucial step in strengthening all of our efforts to change the world. To learn more about the show check out its website here. You can also follow us on FaceBook or Twitter, or contact firstname.lastname@example.org to join our weekly email update list.
Talking Radical Radio is brought to you by Scott Neigh, a writer, media producer, and activist based in Hamilton (formerly Sudbury), Ontario, and the author of two books examining Canadian history through the stories of activists.
The image that was modified for use in this post is the background image of the North End Community Action Committee's website.
Announcing new Board of Directors, and Dominion Podcast Episode #4 // Nouveau conseil d’administration, et la dernière émission du Dominion Podcast (#4)
At The Media Co-op, we’re looking forward to another year of producing powerful grassroots media, and we’re writing to you with a couple of updates to get it started.
Solitary Confinement in Canada’s Prisons: Latest Episode of the Dominion Podcast
We heard from Debra Parkes (Chair of Feminist Legal Studies at the Allard School of Law) about the history of solitary confinement in Canada, Alex (Federal Prison Chaplain) about what currently goes on in Quebec prisons, and former inmate Bobby Lee Worm about her experience of being held in solitary confinement for over 3 years.
The Dominion Podcast is recorded at the studios of CKUT in occupied Tio'tiah:ke (Montreal), Kanien'keha:ka territory. You can subscribe using any podcast app or follow us on Soundcloud. We release a new episode at the end of each month.
Don’t miss the other episodes: Enbridge’s Line 9, Migrant Detention and Ring of Fire: Ontario’s Tar Sands. Like The Media Co-op on Facebook and follow us on Twitter to stay up to date!
New Board to Lead The Media Co-op
We are thrilled to announce that a new Board of Directors was elected at our October 2016 Annual General Assembly! The board will lead the organization forward through our next phase, which we will tell you more about soon. Meet the new Media Co-op Board:
A member of the Nlaka’Pamux nation in the southern interior of “British Columbia,” Billie first got involved in writing and publishing in 1996 when she co-founded Redwire Magazine. Its purpose was empowering and giving a voice to Native youth. Billie brings a solid understanding of sovereignty and globalization, along with good connections to land defenders and organizers in North America, to The Media Co-op Board.
Brenna is a climate justice-radio-making guest and settler in Toronto. She got her start in community radio at CFRC 101.9fm in Kingston, Ontario. In January 2016, Brenna co-founded the Built Environment, a podcast exploring climate action and community resistance to violence in Canada.
David first got into journalism from his involvement in the Quebec climate movement, when he posted content to The Media Co-op because no one else was writing in English about what was happening in francophone communities. David has been a Media Co-op editor since the spring. You can see his writings for The Media Co-op here. He has also written for Briarpatch Magazine, The Tyee, and VICE.
Jon has been involved in various social struggles for a few years now, with a focus on climate justice and student movement organizing, including the campaign against Energy East and fracking in Quebec’s Gaspesie region. Jon has written for rabble.ca and The Media Co-op. He is currently the editor of the Opinions section at The Link, a student newspaper run out of Concordia University.
Nadia has been a passionate participant and activist in independent media and social movements for several years. Following her time as an Assistant Editor at The Media Co-op, Nadia went on to become a producer and member of the editorial team at The Real News Network, and served as an editorial intern at The Nation Magazine.
Thank you for your continued support! We always love hearing from you. Send us an email at email@example.com with your ideas, stories, and suggestions and we'll respond as soon as we can.
À la Coop Média, on a hâte de se remettre à la production de média populaire et puissante en 2017. Voici quelques nouveautés pour lancer le tout.
L’isolement cellulaire dans les prisons canadiennes: écoutez et partagez la dernière émission du Dominion Podcast (émission en Anglais)
Dans cette émission du Dominion Podcast nous avons abordé le recours à l'isolement cellulaire dans les prisons canadiennes.
On a parlé de l'histoire de l'isolement cellulaire au Canada avec Debra Parkes (présidente des études féministes en droit à Allard School of Law), avec Alex (aumônier de prison fédérale) de ce qui se passe dans les prisons québécoises, et aussi avec l'ex-détenue Bobby Lee Worm de son vécu d’avoir été gardé en isolement cellulaire pendant plus de trois ans.
Le Dominion Podcast est enregistré aux studios de CKUT sur le territoire occupé de Tio'tiah:ke (Montreal), qui se trouve sur le territoire Kanien'keha:ka. Inscrivez-vous avec votre application podcast ou suivez-nous sur Soundcloud.
Nous sortons une nouvelle émission à la fin de chaque mois.
Ne manquez pas les autres émissions: Enbridge’s Line 9, Migrant Detention et Ring of Fire: Ontario’s Tar Sands. Aimez la Coop Média sur Facebook et suivez nous sur Twitter pour rester à l'affût!
Un nouveau conseil d’administration dirigera la Coop Média
On est ravies de vous annoncer qu’un nouveau CA a été élu à notre assemblée générale annuelle en octobre 2016 ! Le CA dirigera notre organisme dans une prochaine phase qu’on vous annoncera sous peu. On vous présente notre nouveau CA:
Membre de la nation Nlaka’Pamux à l’Intérieur-Sud de la «Colombie-Britannique», Billie a commencé à écrire et à publier en 1996 en tant que cofondatrice de Redwire Magazine. Le but de cette publication était de faire de l’empowerment auprès des jeunes autochtones et de leur donner une voix. Billie amène au CA de la Coop Média sa grande connaissance de la souveraineté et de la mondialisation ainsi que des liens solides avec des défenseurs du territoire et des militants en Amérique du Nord.
Brenna est une faiseuse-de-radio-justice-climatique en tant qu’invité et colon à Toronto. Elle a commencé en radio à CFRC 101.9 fm à Kingston, en Ontario. En Janvier 2016, Brenna a été la cofondatrice de Built Environment, un podcast qui explore l’action climatique et la résistance communautaire à la violence au Canada.
David a commencé à faire du journalisme à travers son implication dans le mouvement climatique au Québec, publiant du contenu sur le site de la CoopMédia parce que personne d’autre n’écrivait en anglais sur ce qui se passait dans des communautés francophones. David travail en tant que rédacteur avec la Coop depuis le printemps. Vous pouvez lire ce qu’il a écrit pour la CoopMédia ici. Il a aussi déjà été publié par Briarpatch Magazine, The Tyee, et VICE.
Jon a été impliqué dans plusieurs luttes sociales depuis de nombreuses années, avec une concentration sur la justice climatique et la mobilisation du mouvement étudiant, y compris la campagne contre Énergie Est et la fracturation hydraulique dans la région québécoise de Gaspésie. Jon a déjà écrit pour rabble.ca et la Coop Média. Il est présentement rédacteur de la section Opinions pour The Link, un journal étudiant à l’Université Concordia.
Nadia est une participante et militante passionnée dans le monde de média indépendante et dans les mouvements sociaux depuis plusieurs années. Après avoir travaillé en tant que Rédactrice Adjointe à la Coop Média, Nadia est devenue réalisatrice et membre de l’équipe de rédaction pour The Real News Network et a faite un stage en rédaction avec The Nation Magazine.
Merci de votre soutien continue! On aime toujours avoir de vos nouvelles. Envoyez-nous un courriel avec vos idées, histoires, et suggestions à firstname.lastname@example.org et nous vous répondrons dès que possible.
This episode of GroundWire was hosted on the traditional territory of the Tla’amin Nation at CJMP and produced on traditional territory of the Anishinaabeg, Haudenosaunee, Attawandaron, and Wendat peoples in London, Ontario by Braden Alexander
Vancouver Women’s March: Rhiannin Bennet, Nancy Trigueros, and Khelsilem | Braden Alexander, GroundWire; Suzette Cullen; Susan Mullan
Community stories and building the canoe of reconciliation | Carrie Swiggum, CJMP
Premier Christy Clark’s contentious visit to Powell River | Courtney Harrop; Zoe Ludski
Algonquins of Barriere Lake address mining concerns on their territory | Omme-Salme Rahemtullah, GroundWire; Laith Marouf
Shallow Waters - Ta’kaiya Blaney
Thanks to all our contributors for this week’s episode. We also thank Carrie Swiggum, Nola Poirer, and Roger Thorn.
Pitch to GroundWire!
Take part in the next episode of GroundWire being produced by CFUR in Prince George, BC! In advance of the upcoming Homelessness Marathon, GroundWire is seeking news about poverty and homelessness across Canada. The deadline for pitches is Saturday Feb 4, and final pieces is Thursday Feb 9. Check out our priority bureaus and our format here. Don't worry if your piece, or raw audio, doesn't fit our GW requirements, we can edit it!
Tune in again on February 13 for the next episode of GroundWire!
January 26, 2017
Unceded Nlaka'Pamux Territory
The Nlaka'Pamux Nation stance on Kinder Morgan's Trans Mountain Expansion Project on our Territory.
We as members of the Nlaka'Pamux nation, recognize Tribal Law as the highest law of the land. We are guided in our decision by our Ancestors, and seek to ensure the well being of our grandchildren and all life on our territory. Our decision is also guided by the impacts that the Trans Mountain Pipeline has on the neighbouring territories.
We were never consulted when the original Trans Mountain Pipeline was built in 1953. Kinder Morgan has never properly dealt with the ruptures and oil spills that have taken place on our territory. Currently, the federal government and Kinder Morgan are attempting to force us make our decision so they can build their project according to their schedule.
Due to this history and current actions from the Federal Government and Kinder Morgan, we will not tolerate the Trans Mountain expansion, anywhere on our Traditional Territory. In fact, we want the original Trans Mountain Pipeline to be removed completely from our territory. We wish for our concerns to be met peacefully and reasonably, but in the case that they aren't; we vow to stand up for any person from the Nlaka'Pamux nation, or any of our allies if they are criminalized or targeted in any manner, for opposing the Trans Mountain Expansion Project.
We also see that all forms of fossil fuel needs to be left in Mother Earth and will work with all like-minded people to protect the land, air, water and all life.
All Our Relations
The Traditional Nlaka'Pamux Gathering in "Merritt BC", on unceded Nlaka'Pamux Territory took place on January 22, 2017. This is the guest panel featuring Jody Leon from Secwepemc Nation and Christine Jack from St'at'imc Nation speaking about the impacts of Kinder Morgan's proposed Trans Mountain pipeline expansion project on their respective territories.
This episode of GW was produced on traditional territory of the Sto:Lo nation in Abbotsford, British Columbia at CIVL 101.7FM.
-Justice for women in the Province of BC | Common Law Radio, CFRO, Vancouver’s Coop Radio;
-Charges dropped against the Enbridge Line 9 water protectors | David Gray-Donald and Jon Milton, The Media Co-op, with audio from the Dominion Podcast;
-Needed employment standards in BC | CJSF’s Gorilla Radio
-The passing of Indigenous leader and activist Arthur Manuel | Gretchen King, CKUT, with Alan Soni and Golbon Moltaji from CHUO
-Sexual violence against Asian communities at UBC and beyond | CiTR’s Gender Empowerment Collective
Community Radio Report:
-CIVL Radio’s Creative Dialogue Project
Saturday Rain by In Drift and Wild Card by Kin
Thanks to all contributors, including Common Law Radio (CFRO), David Gray-Donald and Jon Milton (The Media Co-op & Dominion Podcast), Gorilla Radio (CJSF), Gender Empowerment Collective (CiTR), Alan Soni (CHUO ), and Golbon Moltaji (CHUO)! We also thank Glen Ess, Gretchen King, and Omme-Salma Rahemtullah for this episode.
Tune in to hear GroundWire on your local community radio station or download at www.groundwirenews.ca